On Jan. 20, 2022, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Fed) issued the Money and Payments: The U.S. Dollar in the Age of Digital Transformation paper (Paper) to discuss how a potential U.S. central bank digital currency (CBDC) could improve the U.S. domestic payments system.

Click here to read the full GT Alert.

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Photo of Barbara A. Jones Barbara A. Jones

Barbara A. Jones is a member of the firm’s Global Securities practice group and serves as Co-Chair of the firm’s interdisciplinary Blockchain & Cryptocurrency practice group. She is also co-coordinator of the firm’s interdisciplinary Conflict Minerals Compliance Initiative. Barbara maintains a diverse corporate

Barbara A. Jones is a member of the firm’s Global Securities practice group and serves as Co-Chair of the firm’s interdisciplinary Blockchain & Cryptocurrency practice group. She is also co-coordinator of the firm’s interdisciplinary Conflict Minerals Compliance Initiative. Barbara maintains a diverse corporate and securities law practice across industry groups, emphasizing complex international and domestic transactions, including blockchain and cryptocurrency transactions, private and public financings (including token offerings), dual listings, mergers and acquisitions, strategic collaborations and joint ventures, and licensing transactions. Her practice includes serving as a trusted advisor to public and private company boards of directors on governance and complex regulatory reporting and compliance issues. Barbara’s clients include financial institutions, private equity and venture capital groups, and companies in blockchain, life sciences and biotechnology, information technology, energy (traditional and renewable), mining, defense and security, telecommunications, media, entertainment and sports. Barbara is also active in the representation of Olympic athletes and sports-related organizations.

Barbara practiced U.S. law in London from 1990 through 2003, and headed the international capital markets practice of a major U.S. law firm from 1999 to 2003 before relocating to Boston. From 1997 to 1999, she served as Vice-President, Assistant General Counsel and Regional Counsel for capital markets with J.P. Morgan Securities Ltd. in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Since returning to the U.S., she has continued to actively represent public and private companies, private equity groups and investment banks in the European, Scandinavian, African and greater Asian markets, including China.

Barbara is a past chair of the ABA’s Subcommittee on International Securities Matters. She is a frequent speaker at conferences relating to cross-border securities matters and strategic alternatives.

Photo of Carl A. Fornaris Carl A. Fornaris

Carl A. Fornaris is Co-Chair of the firm’s Financial Regulatory and Compliance Practice. With 27 years of legal experience, Carl advises a broad range of financial services firms – banks and their holding companies, money services businesses, investment advisers, securities broker dealers, gaming

Carl A. Fornaris is Co-Chair of the firm’s Financial Regulatory and Compliance Practice. With 27 years of legal experience, Carl advises a broad range of financial services firms – banks and their holding companies, money services businesses, investment advisers, securities broker dealers, gaming firms, Fintechs, cryptocurrency firms and other institutions – on all aspects of their business. These include formation and licensing, capital-raising transactions, acquisitions and divestitures, USA PATRIOT Act/BSA/AML compliance and OFAC sanctions programs, cryptocurrency regulation, mobile money and FinTech, federal and state agency enforcement proceedings, Dodd-Frank Act compliance and COVID-19/CARES Act economic stimulus program advice (ranging from Small Business Administration PPP loans to Federal Reserve Main Street program loans). Throughout his career, Carl has counseled clients in their dealings with the Federal Reserve, OCC, FDIC, FinCEN, SEC, FINRA, Florida Office of Financial Regulation, New York Department of Financial Services and other state supervisory authorities.

Carl is also active representing lenders and credit parties in financing transactions, particularly credits to non-U.S. loan parties, asset-based credits, acquisition financing and stand-by letters of credit.

Carl is a past General Counsel of the Florida International Bankers Association and sits on its Board of Directors. Previously, he served as Head of Legal and Compliance for the Latin America region of Barclays Bank PLC, with responsibility for managing legal and compliance matters throughout the region. Carl is an adjunct professor in the Business Law Department of the University of Miami Business School.

Photo of Marina Olman-Pal Marina Olman-Pal

Marina Olman-Pal advises foreign and U.S. financial institutions on a broad range of regulatory matters including licensing, acquisitions, divestitures, compliance with Bank Secrecy Act (BSA)/anti-money laundering (AML) laws and regulations, and compliance with Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanctions programs. Marina counsels…

Marina Olman-Pal advises foreign and U.S. financial institutions on a broad range of regulatory matters including licensing, acquisitions, divestitures, compliance with Bank Secrecy Act (BSA)/anti-money laundering (AML) laws and regulations, and compliance with Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanctions programs. Marina counsels a wide range of companies in the financial services sector including, domestic and foreign banks, gaming companies, money services businesses including money transmitters, cryptocurrency businesses, Fintech companies and digital payment companies. Throughout her career, Marina has represented clients before U.S. regulators such as the Federal Reserve, OCC, FDIC, FinCEN, OFAC, the Florida Office of Financial Regulation and other state supervisory authorities.

Marina also regularly develops anti-money laundering programs for a wide range of financial services businesses and non-financial services businesses including, U.S. and foreign companies active in industries such as real estate, hospitality, automotive and artificial intelligence, among many others.

Photo of Claudio J. Arruda Claudio J. Arruda

Claudio J. Arruda advises domestic and international financial services firms and institutions, including banks, broker-dealers, Fintech companies, and investment advisory firms on a broad range of regulatory issues, as well as general corporate matters. He represents these institutions on matters related to the…

Claudio J. Arruda advises domestic and international financial services firms and institutions, including banks, broker-dealers, Fintech companies, and investment advisory firms on a broad range of regulatory issues, as well as general corporate matters. He represents these institutions on matters related to the applicability and compliance with state and federal banking, consumer, and securities laws and regulations.

In addition, Claudio represents public and private corporations in negotiating cross-border financing projects, including corporate finance, project finance, acquisition finance, and trade finance, as well as large real estate leases and certain development projects. He also has experience assisting in securities enforcement matters and FCPA-related investigations at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Photo of Kyle R. Freeny Kyle R. Freeny

Kyle R. Freeny, a skilled trial attorney and former federal prosecutor for the Special Counsel’s Office and the Department of Justice (DOJ), Criminal Division’s Money Laundering and Asset Recovery Section (MLARS), focuses her practice on white collar criminal defense, government and internal investigations,

Kyle R. Freeny, a skilled trial attorney and former federal prosecutor for the Special Counsel’s Office and the Department of Justice (DOJ), Criminal Division’s Money Laundering and Asset Recovery Section (MLARS), focuses her practice on white collar criminal defense, government and internal investigations, and anti-money laundering (AML) and international corruption matters.

Kyle was one of 19 prosecutors selected by Robert S. Mueller III to conduct the high-profile investigation into alleged Russian election interference, coordination between Russian officials and the Trump campaign, and related matters. As Assistant Special Counsel, Kyle played a lead role in federal tax and bank fraud investigations, as well as a money laundering investigation into the funding of Russian intelligence cyber intrusions during the 2016 Presidential election using cryptocurrency.

While at the Department of Justice, Kyle was involved in investigations relating to major international money laundering and corruption matters, including matters involving the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA), Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), and foreign banking and corruption laws designated as predicates to U.S. money laundering charges. Kyle has considerable experience handling cross-border issues and coordinating with foreign law enforcement authorities and U.S. and foreign regulators on complex transnational financial cases.

Kyle has also represented dozens of federal agencies in high-profile litigation, including the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), the Department of Defense, and the Federal Financing Bank. Kyle has appeared before federal trial courts across the country.

Admitted in California. Practice in the District of Columbia limited to matters and proceedings before Federal courts and Agencies.

Photo of Gil Rudolph Gil Rudolph

Gil Rudolph focuses his practice on the representation of finance companies, banks, mortgage originators and servicers, lease company transactions, retail installment transaction financers and other consumer financial service providers in regulatory and litigation matters. Gil also represents various alternative financial service providers, including…

Gil Rudolph focuses his practice on the representation of finance companies, banks, mortgage originators and servicers, lease company transactions, retail installment transaction financers and other consumer financial service providers in regulatory and litigation matters. Gil also represents various alternative financial service providers, including small dollar/short term lenders, check cashers, pawn and auto title lenders. He additionally represents various participants in the credit, debit, and prepaid card issuance and processing industries.

Photo of Benjamin M. Saul Benjamin M. Saul

Benjamin Saul is a shareholder in the firm’s Financial Regulatory and Compliance Practice. For two decades, Ben has handled high-stakes regulatory, enforcement, and litigation matters for corporate and individual clients in the consumer finance, specialty finance, fintech, and banking sectors.

Ben has helped

Benjamin Saul is a shareholder in the firm’s Financial Regulatory and Compliance Practice. For two decades, Ben has handled high-stakes regulatory, enforcement, and litigation matters for corporate and individual clients in the consumer finance, specialty finance, fintech, and banking sectors.

Ben has helped clients navigate dozens of contentious supervisory, enforcement, and litigation matters involving the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), and has been a leader in the private bar on CFPB matters since the Bureau’s inception in 2011. He also routinely assists clients in matters involving the FTC, DOJ, HUD, OCC, FRB, FDIC, state financial services authorities, state attorneys general, and state civil rights commissions. Ben’s enforcement matters have concerned fair lending and servicing, unfair deceptive and/or abusive trade practices, other federal and state consumer finance laws, AML/BSA, troubled or failed banks, fiduciary duties, financial institution fraud, supervisory ratings, and other safety and soundness issues.  These matters often have involved parallel proceedings by multiple enforcement agencies and/or private parties.

Ben also advises lenders, servicers, alternative financial service providers, and money service businesses on product and service development, licensing, compliance program enhancement, and the applicability of federal and state consumer credit and other financial services laws. He frequently helps clients understand how financial services law maps onto new technologies and innovative products, having worked on matters involving big data, artificial intelligence, marketplace and online lending, blockchain, digital assets and cryptocurrencies, digital banking, and payment systems.  In addition, Ben provides financial services regulatory support for corporate and capital markets transactions.

Photo of Monica Lopez-Rodriguez Monica Lopez-Rodriguez

Monica Lopez-Rodriguez is a corporate attorney with a deep background in banking, business, finance, corporate governance and information technology. Having served at in-house roles with private and wholesale banks as well as the world’s second-largest cruise line operator, Monica represents general domestic, international…

Monica Lopez-Rodriguez is a corporate attorney with a deep background in banking, business, finance, corporate governance and information technology. Having served at in-house roles with private and wholesale banks as well as the world’s second-largest cruise line operator, Monica represents general domestic, international, and non-profit clients on matters concerning general corporate law, corporate governance, mergers and acquisitions, tender offers, exchange offers, and venture capital. She advises clients on the negotiation, execution, and management of bilateral and syndicated loans, including revolving and export credit facilities, as well as intercompany and affiliate loans. She also advises on other special financing projects, including leases, sale-leasebacks, and joint ventures. Additionally, Monica prepares debt-related financial statement disclosures and capital market transaction summaries for SEC filings.

W. H. Langley Perry, Jr.

Langley Perry focuses his practice on federal and state regulatory compliance and state licensing for companies engaged in money transmission, consumer lending and loan servicing, commercial and residential mortgage services, debt collection, and other financial services.

Langley works on nationwide state money transmitter…

Langley Perry focuses his practice on federal and state regulatory compliance and state licensing for companies engaged in money transmission, consumer lending and loan servicing, commercial and residential mortgage services, debt collection, and other financial services.

Langley works on nationwide state money transmitter, lending, servicing, and other license acquisition projects. He provides compliance advice across a broad range of laws applicable to banks, money services businesses and non-bank consumer finance companies. He has experience handling Bank Secrecy Act/Anti-Money Laundering (BSA/AML) and Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) compliance program reviews and development as well as matters involving the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). He also advises clients on matters involving the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and other federal and state regulatory authorities with oversight of consumer financial and payments products and services.